What is Coronavirus (Covid-19)?
According to webmd, coronavirus is a type of common virus that starts by causing an infection in your nose, sinuses, or the upper throat. (SOURCE: WEBMD)
COVID-19 is a disease which doctors call a respiratory tract infection. It affects your upper respiratory tract mainly sinuses, nose, and throat or lower respiratory tract mainly windpipe and lungs. It is caused by a coronavirus that has been named SARS-CoV-2.
It spreads in the same way other coronaviruses do, which is mainly through person-to-person contact. Infections can range from mild to serious.
Symptoms Of Covid-19
People suffering from mild symptoms who are otherwise healthy should self-isolate and contact their medical provider. They can also contact COVID-19 information line for advisory on testing and referral. People suffering from fever, cough or difficulty in breathing should call their doctor and seek immediate medical attention.
Common symptoms include:
- dry cough
Other symptoms include:
- shortness of breath
- aches and pains
- sore throat
- and very few people will report diarrhoea, nausea or a runny nose.
Home care for people with suspected and confirmed Covid 19 cases
Self-isolation has been advised for suspected or confirmed patients of COVID-19 who are suffering from mild clinical symptomatology mainly fever, cough, headache and malaise.Majority of these cases will spontaneously recover without any complications. If clinical signs and symptoms get worse with progressive dyspnoea or due to lower respiratory tract disease, that is mostly visibly in the second week of illness, the person is advised to go under isolation. Patients with high risk are isolated in hospital ICUs while others who don’t require any medical assistance are isolated at home.
Avoid close contact with others
It is very important to understand that the new coronavirus spreads mainly from a person to person. Incase, an infected person coughs or sneezes, their droplets can infect people who are nearby. It is very important to avoid close contact with others and go with the term “SOCIAL DISTANCING’. It is important to understand that people including children also may be infected with this new coronavirus and have only mild symptoms.
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General infection prevention and control measures taken in the household
- Person taking care of the covid-19 patient should be healthy and without underlying conditions, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, lung or heart problems. Persons in the household belonging to high-risk groups (e.g. the elderly, immunocompromised people, or people with underlying conditions) should avoid contact with the patient and with objects that the patient has come in contact with. Access to shared areas should be limited as much as possible, and strict hand hygiene should be involved.
- Patients should be placed in a well ventilated room having an open window.
- The patient should use a separate toilet, if possible, from the rest of the household.
- Avoid sharing objects with the patient (for example eating utensils, towels, etc.).
- All shared areas should be well ventilated; frequently touched surfaces (e.g. door knobs, light switches) should be frequently cleaned with neutral detergents.
- Perform hand hygiene frequently, especially after contact with the patient or with any surface frequently touched by the patient, especially before and after preparing food, before eating, after using the toilet.
- Toilet, bathroom sink, etc. should be cleaned daily, avoiding splashes. Surfaces and objects should be disinfected with regular household bleach, in a dilution corresponding to 0.05–0.1% sodium hypochlorite (20 ml of household bleach should be diluted in 1 litre of water). This solution should be used immediately and prepared fresh every time it is needed.
- Clean the patient’s room regularly (e.g. daily); use disposable cleaning equipment (e.g. disposable wipes). If disposable cleaning equipment is not available, the cleaning material (cloth, sponge etc.) should be placed in a disinfectant solution of 0.05%–0.1% sodium hypochlorite, prepared as described above.
- The person in charge of cleaning should wear disposable gloves and a surgical mask. Mildly symptomatic patients can clean their room themselves. You can order medicines online through pharmacy online shopping from Indian Chemist.
- Bed linen, towels, sleepwear and other textiles used by the patient should be stored in a dedicated laundry bag in the patient’s room until it is washed with regular laundry detergent at 90 °C (hot-water cycle). If an item cannot be washed in a hot-water cycle, bleach or other laundry products for decontamination of textiles should be used.
- The patient should have a waste bag in his/her room for used tissues, face masks, and other waste; the waste bag should go into the unsorted garbage.
- No visitors should be admitted to the house until the patient has recovered completely.
- If a household has more than one suspected or confirmed COVID-19 patient, all patients can be isolated in the same room.
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